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FAQ

Volcanic Steam Devils - White Island

New Zealand - April 06, 2009

  • White Island is New Zealand's most active volcano, located in the Bay of Plenty, 48 km north of Whakatane. It contains a highly acidic lake which produces large volumes of steam. When the wind conditions are just right, that steam can swirl into tornado-like vortices that drift across the surface of the lake. They look harmless but these acidic steam devils would cause eye irritation and would sting the skin.
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    The highly acidic, hot lake inside the crater.

    The ph of the water here is -0.1 which is extremely acidic!

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    Steam coming off the crater lake.

    Well formed steam devils glide across the acid lake.

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    These steam devils are similar to the ones that form on the Great Lakes on very cold, winter mornings.