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Papandayan Volcano - Indonesia

July 2008

  • Papandayan is a fascinating volcano filled with small wonders such as boiling mud pools, sulfur deposits, fumaroles as well as a crater lake. Spending time at this volcano was like being on another planet, the landscape didn't look like it belonged here on Earth.
  • Papandayan Volcano - YouTube

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    The view approaching Papandayan volcano. Sulfur dioxide gas is seen venting from near the crater lake.

    Here I am getting very close to the active fumaroles. The sulfur dioxide gas makes it impossible to get this close for any period of time without a gas mask. The gas combines with the fluid in your lungs to create sulfuric acid.

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    A cone filled with hot, liquid sulfur. Some of these deposits were delicate and brittle so I had to very cautious where I stepped. The sulfur gas was so thick and strong that the bottoms of my pants started to dissolve.

    Iron deposits at the volcano cause this river to flow red.

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    A small waterfall on the red river. The colour comes from oxidized iron deposits.

    Dead, charred trees that took the brunt of a lateral blast during an eruption in 2002.

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    A fascinating mineral formation that was only about a foot wide. This volcano is littered with countless small wonders like this.

    At the crater lake with a large fumarole field on the cliff side behind. The water in the lake was cold and slightly acidic.

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    Boiling mud pots, bubbling away.

    More boiling mud. It is very tempting to get too close to these but getting splashed by one would cause severe burns.

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    More bizarre, alien landscapes of mud, sulfur and other minerals.

    Sulfur crystals hang like delicate feathers.

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    Measuring the acidity of the water with a handheld ph meter.